Different from the ordinary kiln, the so-called "official kiln" is a kiln factory which is run by the royal family, only for the royal service and the products are not allowed being available in the private kiln factory.
Each kiln fired thousands of pieces of Porcelain, and only selects the best one to give it to the emperor, and the rest of the Porcelain would be smashed and not allowed being available in the private kiln.
Since then, the term "Guan kiln" has become a name, and the subsequent dynasties called it "official kiln".
The most important thing is that it only limited in the circle of emperors and nobles, and it became a symbol of royalty and dignity.
So far, only the porcelain of Bianjing kiln has been discovered. But the only this green porcelain was included in the five famous kilns of the Song dynasty. The kiln site was supposed to be located in today’s kaifeng city, henan province. But no specific sites have been found.
Song huizong pursuit the beauty of color, and this is the great state of Song dynasty porcelain.
Song huizong likes celadon and doesn't like White porcelain, because he believes that white porcelain is too dazzling and dramatic, and its single color system is difficult to reach the height of richness and variety. Celadon glaze color is pure and stable, the colors are azure, pink- blue, very light blue, Fried yellow, etc., and they can turn into different kinds of green glaze after the kiln. It not only embodies a natural beauty of comfort and idles, but also conform to the Chinese traditional Confucianism culture of moderation, neutralization and so on. So they were beloved by Emperor Song huizong.
Ru kiln was the first in the northern kilns before the emperor huizong establish official kilns. Emperor Song zhezong once ordered ruzhou to burn the imperial porcelain, which represent the highest artistic achievement of Chinese celadon at that time. Why did Emperor Song huizong "abandon the Ru porcelain and renewed the official porcelain"?
Because ru kiln site is far away from the capital city, Song huizong cannot command it in person, and firing porcelain according to his own artistic standards.
Therefore, Song huizong made that decision and open his own kiln in Kaifeng and firing luxurious and dignified porcelain.
Guan kiln was set in kaifeng since 1107. Kaifeng was occupied by the enemy after the "Jingkang Calamity", and the kiln only exist for about ten years, but its brilliance vanished as the destruction of the northern Song dynasty in the river of history.
The northern Song dynasty porcelain is the pinnacle of Chinese ceramic art. It is the Chinese nation's great contribution to the world civilization.
It not only is the inheritance of art, but also inherits rich cultural information
It plays a role of bridge and link in the communication with the world. Kaifeng is an important birthplace of Chinese civilization, with a long history and culture. And guan porcelain has a position in china porcelain from the northern Song dynasty.
The official kiln of the northern song dynasty existed for just one moment in the Chinese history with about ten years, so the porcelain of the northern Song dynasty was especially rare and precious.