As the mother of color Porcelain, monochromatic glaze Porcelain has a very important position in the history of porcelain development in china. Compared with the color glazed porcelain, monochromatic glaze porcelain is natural, simple and elegant, which is accepted as "girls from respectable families" in ceramics.
Monochromatic glaze is also called "one color glaze" or "pure color glaze". Due to the different chemical composition of porcelain glaze, the porcelain is burnt into a different single color, such as green glaze, red glaze, yellow glaze, black glaze, green glaze, blue glaze and white glaze and so on. The glaze of China porcelain begins with monochromatic glaze.
Before the Tang Dynasty, Chinese porcelain is mainly monochromatic glaze. From the perspective of art, the model and color of porcelain are more practical, which is far away from the aesthetic of modern people during this period. The monochromatic glazed porcelain with high collection value is appeared in Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasty.
After entering the Ming and Qing Dynasties, there are mainly blue and white porcelain, colorful porcelain and monochromatic glaze. Durning the Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong Dynasties, porcelain firing technology reached the peak, so there are a lot of innovation in monochromatic porcelain. According to the "Tao Cheng Chronicle" in thirteen years of Yongzheng's reign, there are 57 kinds of fancy glaze in Jingdezhen kiln. 40 of them are monochromatic glaze, and the famous glaze color is "ruby red".
Since the quantity of fine monochromatic glaze which was made in Ru kiln, Ge kiln and Jun kiln in song dynasty is less, so in the Ming and Qing dynasties, Jingdezhen imperial Kiln once used the porcelain from song dynasty as a sample, and fired a large number of porcelains, which are called antique glaze porcelain in the modern. Most of these porcelains are collected in the big museums, and the folk collections are rare.
The skill of firing porcelain in Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong represents the highest level of Jingdezhen porcelain. Durning this period of the official kiln's monochrome glaze porcelain is also the most wonderful part of Qing porcelain. In the official kilns, workers often fire one or two hundred porcelains, then they can only get a fine monochrome glaze, so monochrome glaze is rare and special. According to researchers from the Palace Museum, there are a lot of porcelains which were imitated from Song Dynasty in the reign of Emperor Yongzheng, and tens of thousands of them were preserved in the Forbidden City. There are also many fine porcelains in the folk.
According to the saying of modern people: Fashion is cyclical. But there is another law: the simpler it is, the more fashionable it is. The porcelain of monochromatic glaze is the same. No matter how the skills of making ceramic making progress, monochrome glaze is always the "girls from respectable families" in China fine porcelain.